Betsy Ross and the Making of America
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During this meeting, she was allegedly presented with a sketch of a flag that featured 13 red and white stripes and 13 six-pointed stars, and was asked if she could create a flag to match the proposed design. Ross agreed, but suggested a couple of changes, including arranging the stars in a circle and reducing the points on each star to five instead of six.

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The following year, on June 14, , Congress officially adopted the Stars and Stripes as the national flag. Betsy may also have been acquainted with both Washington and Morris, who were reported to have worshipped at the same church she attended. Some historians attribute the design of the first flag to Francis Hopkinson, a New Jersey delegate to the Continental Congress and signer of the Declaration of Independence, who also played a role in designing seals for various departments within the U. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us!

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A richly woven biography of the beloved patriot Betsy Ross, and an enthralling portrait of everyday life in Revolutionary War-era PhiladelphiaBetsy Ross and the Making of America is the first comprehensively. MARLA R. MILLER, a historian of early American women and work, has made a career uncovering the lives of women who left little in the way of a documentary.

Since this controversy, many have attempted to defend the Betsy Ross flag with heavy doses of whataboutism or misdirection. The criticism over the shoe design, after all, was not about Betsy Ross herself. The facts about Ross, the historical person, differ greatly from the myth.

Although she was born into a Quaker family and the Quakers were opposed to slavery, her personal views on the subject are unknown because no historical documentation from her point of view letters, journals, or other records is known to survive. She was a craftswoman in the upholstery trades. She did make numerous flags for the federal government alongside her daughter, Clarissa Wilson, particularly in the years before the War of The design of the American flag evolved over the course of the Revolutionary era, and no evidence exists that any of the flags she made bore the 13 stars-in-a-circle pattern.

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Ross did know George Washington — he patronized her upholstery business. Early documentation of her story given by her daughter asserts that Ross was proud of introducing Washington to a method of folding that allowed five-point stars to be created with just one cut of the scissors, making production quicker and easier. Ross was indeed raised in the Quaker tradition, although she was forced out of the faith when she married John Ross, an Anglican. She was widowed and remarried twice, returning to the Quaker tradition later in life with the formation of the Free Quakers after the Revolutionary War. Popular images depicting Washington crossing the Delaware with the Betsy Ross flag, for instance, are apocryphal.

Was Betsy Ross a Quaker Who Was Opposed to Slavery?

The oldest physical flag with that configuration of stars found to date was made in the early s. Adulation of the flag, in the way that it is done now, started in the North at the commencement of the American Civil War, Leepson said.

After the war, it spread nationwide. It solved a cultural problem by giving a woman an important place in the Revolutionary War while doing something domestic and non-threatening, which was sewing. It was solidified in the popular imagination with a public campaign to preserve her historic Philadelphia home on Arch Street.

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Betsy Ross and the Making of America

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At issue are so-called Milankovich cycles, which describe three periodic variations in the way the Earth rotates around the sun. Claim Betsy Ross made the first American flag or one of the first American flags , known as the "Betsy Ross flag," and was a Quaker who opposed slavery. Rating Mixture About this rating. What's True Betsy Ross was a Quaker for a significant portion of her life, and Quakers were opposed to slavery. What's False However, no evidence exists that Ross made the first American flag or that she made the one now known as the "Betsy Ross flag.